Sources

 

Information presented on the ABR website and materials is derived from the sources below.

Home

#1 Recycled Product – Lead batteries are the most recycled consumer product in the U.S.
“Advancing Sustainable Materials Management: 2018 Fact Sheet.” U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, December 2020.

62% Domestic Fulfillment – The amount of lead demand met by U.S. lead battery recyclers.
“Mineral Commodity Summaries 2022.” U.S. Geological Survey, January, 2022

99% Recycling Rate – Lead batteries have the highest collection and recycling rate of any type of battery. 
“National Recycling Rate Study.” Battery Council International, November 2019

+130M Recycled Annually – The number of lead batteries kept from landfills in the U.S.
“National Recycling Rate Study.” Battery Council International, November 2019

Health & Safety

Today U.S. lead battery recyclers’ total lead emissions to air are less than 1% of the total U.S. air lead emissions.
“2017 National Emissions Inventory (NEI) Data,” U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, April 2020

Our U.S. recycling companies, on average: Invested more than $70 million per facility in EHS improvements between 2010-2020, including advanced, high-efficiency air-filtration systems to ensure a safe workplace and minimize environmental emissions.
International Lead Association, 2022

Our U.S. recycling companies, on average: Spend about 23% of their annual operating budget on EHS, including personal protective equipment (PPE) and dedicated EHS personnel.
International Lead Association, 2022

Our U.S. recycling companies, on average: Have 10% of their on-site employees working in jobs focused on EHS.
International Lead Association, 2022

Our U.S. recycling companies, on average: Devote about 15,000 hours to EHS training every year.
International Lead Association, 2022

At the end of 2020, the average employee BLL across all U.S. lead battery recyclers was 10.9µg/dL.
International Lead Association, 2022

This is lower than the average BLL of the U.S. general population in the period a generation ago (1976-1980).
International Lead Association, 2022

It is significantly lower than the National Emphasis Program target for OSHA of 25 ug/dL, as well as the American College of Governmental and Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) who established a biological exposure index (BEI) of 20 ug/dL; a value that reflects the opinion of the scientific community, of not creating an unreasonable risk of disease or injury.
International Lead Association, 2022

Industry Overview

The sustainable circular economy of our industry has helped lead batteries achieve a 99% recycling rate in the U.S., making them the most sustainable battery chemistry on the planet.
“National Recycling Rate Study.” Battery Council International, November 2019

Lead Batteries – Most Recycled Product: Recycling Rates in the United States Chart
“Advancing Sustainable Materials Management: 2018 Fact Sheet.” U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, December 2020.
“Building Resilient Supply Chains, Revitalizing American Manufacturing, and Fostering Broad-Based Growth.” The White House, June 2021

Between 2020–2030, lead battery global market growth will exceed 80,000 MWh, and the recycling industry will be here to ensure that this growth is sustainable.
Avicenne Energy Report commissioned by Consortium for Battery Innovation, November 2021

Provides 25,000 good-paying, green jobs.
Economic Contribution of the U.S. Lead Battery Industry, Battery Council International, September 2019

Provides 92,000 subsidiary jobs.
Economic Contribution of the U.S. Lead Battery Industry, Battery Council International, September 2019

Makes a $26.3 billion economic impact.
Economic Contribution of the U.S. Lead Battery Industry, Battery Council International, September 2019

Prevents 130 million lead batteries from going to landfills annually.
“National Recycling Rate Study.” Battery Council International, November 2019

On average, a new lead battery contains 80% recycled material obtained from battery recyclers.
“Lead Industry Life Cycle Studies: Environmental Impact and Life Cycle Assessment of Lead Battery and Architectural Sheet Production.” The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, January 2016

62% Domestic Fulfillment – The amount of lead demand met by U.S. lead battery recyclers.
“Mineral Commodity Summaries 2022.” U.S. Geological Survey, January, 2022

Without domestic lead battery recycling, the U.S. would need to import 1.6 million tons of lead.
“Mineral Commodity Summaries 2022.” U.S. Geological Survey, January, 2022

Our Green Story

Lead batteries are the most recycled consumer product in the U.S.
“Advancing Sustainable Materials Management: 2018 Fact Sheet.” U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, December 2020.

Better yet, the essential service provided by our nation’s established network of lead battery recyclers keeps more than 130 million used lead batteries from our landfills each year.
“National Recycling Rate Study.” Battery Council International, November 2019

Achieving our 99% recycling rate number isn’t easy. 
99% of available spent lead batteries are collected and recycled.
“National Recycling Rate Study.” Battery Council International, November 2019

On average, a new lead battery contains 80% recycled material obtained from battery recyclers.
“Lead Industry Life Cycle Studies: Environmental Impact and Life Cycle Assessment of Lead Battery and Architectural Sheet Production.” The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, January 2016

Without domestic lead battery recycling, the U.S. would need to import 1.6 million tons of lead annually.
“Mineral Commodity Summaries 2022.” U.S. Geological Survey, January, 2022

Social Graphics

#1 Recycled Product – Lead batteries are the most recycled consumer product in the U.S.
“Advancing Sustainable Materials Management: 2018 Fact Sheet.” U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, December 2020.

62% Domestic Fulfillment – The amount of lead demand met by U.S. lead battery recyclers.
“Mineral Commodity Summaries 2022.” U.S. Geological Survey, January, 2022

+80% Recycled Material – Composition profile of a typical new lead battery. 
“Environmental Impact and Life Cycle Assessment of Lead Battery and Architectural Sheet Production,” The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 2016

99% Recycling Rate – Lead batteries have the highest recycling rate. 
“National Recycling Rate Study.” Battery Council International, November 2019

+130M Recycled Annually – The number of lead batteries kept from landfills in the U.S.
“National Recycling Rate Study.” Battery Council International, November 2019

Recycling Rates in the United States: Lead Batteries – Most Recycled Product
“Advancing Sustainable Materials Management: 2018 Fact Sheet.” Environmental Protection Agency, December 2020.
“Building Resilient Supply Chains, Revitalizing American Manufacturing, and Fostering Broad-Based Growth.” The White House, June 2021

U.S. Lead Battery Recycling Industry Infographic

#1 Recycled Product: Lead batteries are the most recycled consumer product in the U.S.
“Advancing Sustainable Materials Management: 2018 Fact Sheet.” U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, December 2020.

+130M Recycled Annually – Number of lead batteries kept from landfills in the U.S. each year.
“National Recycling Rate Study.” Battery Council International, November 2019

99% Recycling Rate – Lead batteries have the highest collection and recycling rate of any battery chemistry, far surpassing lithium-ion’s <15%. 
“National Recycling Rate Study.” Battery Council International, November 2019

62% Domestic Fulfillment – Amount of lead demand met by U.S. lead battery recyclers.
“Mineral Commodity Summaries 2022.” U.S. Geological Survey, January, 2022

1.6M Tons – Amount of lead that U.S. manufacturers would otherwise need to import annually. 
“Mineral Commodity Summaries 2022.” U.S. Geological Survey, January, 2022

80%+ Recycled Material – Composition profile of a typical new lead battery.
“Lead Industry Life Cycle Studies: Environmental Impact and Life Cycle Assessment of Lead Battery and Architectural Sheet Production.” The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, January 2016

$70M Per Recycling Facility – Average investment in EHS improvements between 2010-2020.
International Lead Association, 2022

23% of Annual Operating Budget – Average EHS allocation by lead battery recyclers. 
International Lead Association, 2022

10% of Employees – Average number of off-site staff working in EHS-related positions. 
International Lead Association, 2022

15,000 Training Hours – Time devoted to EHS training annually by U.S. lead battery recyclers. 
International Lead Association, 2022

3,200+ Green Jobs – Number of direct U.S. jobs focused on lead battery recycling. 
Economic Contribution of the U.S. Lead Battery Industry, Battery Council International, September 2019

$26.3 Billion – Total impact made by the U.S. lead battery recycling and manufacturing industry. 
Economic Contribution of the U.S. Lead Battery Industry, Battery Council International, September 2019

Highly Competitive Salaries – Average payroll per worker for U.S. lead battery recycling and mining companies is nearly double the average private sector industry salary.
Economic Contribution of the U.S. Lead Battery Industry, Battery Council International, September 2019